About Law ?
Law is a career path that students pursue at Undergraduate (UG), Postgraduate (PG) or PhD (PhD) level to practice the legal profession in India. To pursue career in Law in India one must be law graduate. Law as a career is very popular among students in India. The popularity of this stream can be judged by the fact that famous personalities like Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela as well as former US President Barack Obama were reputed lawyers of their time.
The scope of law as a career is immense in India. Nowadays, law graduates choose not only to dress in black and white and appear in court, but also to make their presence felt in corporations, law firms, legal agencies, departments. administrative and others.
The law profession requires a lot of hard work and long hours of work. The preferred specializations in law are criminal or civil. However, these days, other branches are also gaining popularity such as cyber law, corporate law as well as patent law.
To start a career in law at UG level, candidates can take integrated LLB courses lasting five years such as BA LLB, BBA LLB, BSc LLB or B.Com LLB. Students can also choose to take a three-year LLB course after completing their degree. Apart from this, applicants who wish to continue their studies can obtain a master’s degree (LLM) followed by a doctorate (PhD).
Eligibility and Entrance Exams:
Different colleges have different selection criterion in India, however some common admission process and eligibility criteria persists in almost all colleges.
Eligibility for UG: Students may take admission and sit for entrance exams if he/she has completed Class XII from a recognised board with a minimum 45% marks.
Eligibility for PG: For getting admission in LLM one must be a law graduate from a recognised University.
Desired Skills for Law
In addition to the above-mentioned educational credential, students must possess certain skills mentioned below in order to be successful law professional.
- Convincing Skills
- Good command over the language
- Strong Argumental skills
- Good judgement skills
- Strong presentation skills
- Strong analytical skills
- Good reading habits
Law Entrance Exams in India
Admission in Law courses to majority of law colleges and universities are through entrance exams. Generally law exams are taken for admission in UG level courses. They assess applicants on the basis of their aptitudes knowledge on subjects such as general knowledge, English, mathematics (numerical ability), logical reasoning and legal aptitude. On the other hand, the popular law exams for PG-level law courses include questions in areas such as constitutional law, case law and other legal subjects (contract, torts, criminal law, international law. environmental law and human rights law, etc.).
Popular Law Entrance Exams
|Popular Law Entrance Exams|
|Common Law Admission Test (CLAT)||All India Law Entrance Test (AILET)|
|Law School Admission Test – India (LSAT India)||Delhi University LLB Entrance Exam (DU LLB Entrance Exam)|
Students can opt for degree, diploma as well as certificate law courses at UG, PG and PhD levels.
Degree: This is a three years course (LLB) after Class 12th.
Diploma: Students can opt for diploma courses at both UG and PG levels. The duration of diploma or PG diploma law courses usually ranges from one to three years.
Certificate: Students can opt for Certificate courses are basically short-term programmes whose duration ranges from two weeks to six months.
Mode of Law Education
Applicants can take law courses as full-time, part-time, distance correspondence, online and virtual classroom programs. However, it should be noted that the majority of law courses in India are offered as full-time programs by private colleges and universities. However, some law courses in India are also offered by public government or public-private institutions in the country.
Law courses in India are offered across various specialisations. Given below are some of the popular law specialisations that candidates can choose to make their career in:
|Popular Law Specialisations|
|Civil Law||Criminal Law|
|Cyber Law||Business Law|
|Corporate Law||Tax Law|
|Constitutional Law||Labour & Employment Law|
|Real Estate Law||Competition Law|
|Media Law||Banking Law|
|Intellectual Property Law||Environmental Law|
|International Law||Mergers and Acquisition Law|
Job Profiles of Law Professionals
These are the job profiles of law professionals:
|Law Job Profile||Description|
|Lawyer||Professionals of this profile are referred to as advocates. A lawyer mostly represents one of the parties/ clients in a trial at court. As part of this job profile, one argue and presents list reasons/ facts around why the court should give the judgement in favour of their parties.|
|Legal Advisors||Professionals of this profile counsel clients on legal rights and obligations. Legal advisors mostly research laws applicable to a particular case and thereafter go through previous judgements passed in cases similar to the one their client is currently facing and thereafter help them in listing out how they can defend themselves also guide them for future steps.|
|Judges||A judge is an official who presides over a court. He/she gives judgement after listen to the case presented by lawyers.|
|Solicitors||A solicitor is a legal practitioner who traditionally deals with most of the legal matters in some jurisdictions. Solicitors mostly work for firms which take up cases related to their area of work.|
|Legal Executives||Legal executives are a form of trained legal professional in certain jurisdictions. They often specialise in a particular area of law. People opting to work for such a job profile typically advise their employers on legal matters.|
|Notary Public||Notaries are appointed by the central government for the whole or specific part of the country. The various State governments also appoint notaries who work for the whole or a specific part of the state. Any person who has been practicing Law (as a lawyer) for minimum ten years is eligible to apply for a notary post|
|Oath Commissioners||Anyone who works under this job profile is authorised to verify affidavits. An Oath Commissioner is appointed by the Chief Justice and is usually (though not always) a solicitor.|
Top Law Companies in India
The top law companies that are known to hire law graduates are listed below:
- Amarchand & Mangaldas & Suresh A Shroff & Co.
- Poddar Legal Associates LLP
- Victor Mosses and Co
- AZB & Partners
- Khaitan & CO
- J Sagar Associates
- Luthra & Luthra Law Offices
- S&R Associates
- Economic Laws Practice
- Desai & Diwanji
- Talwar Thakore & Associates